This study aims to establish a market efficiency baseline for ACs in Indonesia.
The amount of energy used during the active mode of desktop and notebook computers is an important consideration in overall computer energy efficiency. Despite this, active mode energy efficiency is not addressed by any major energy efficiency initiative. It is shown that some computer performance benchmark applications on the market may hold promise to support the inclusion of active mode energy efficiency specifications within energy efficiency initiatives, but that further work is required in the area.
The levels of energy efficiency found amongst computers offering the same levels of functionality can be highly divergent. With this factor in mind computers have been addressed by many environmental initiatives around the world ranging from voluntary eco-labels to mandatory regulations.
Rebound effects have been the subject of intense debate in the field of energy efficiency policy for many years. In the past, the focus of this debate has been on the perceived loss of the expected energy savings and related benefits resulting from the rebound effects. However, more recently, there has been a growing recognition that policymakers need to consider the health, economic and other non-energy benefits that often result from the increase in energy services represented by user “rebound effects”. This Policy Brief, prepared by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, presents an overview of the rebound effect phenomenon.
This guide is designed to be read as a “Motors” annex to the CLASP Monitoring, Verification and Enforcement (MVE) Guide (CLASP, 2010), with Figure 1 (overleaf) showing the structured approach to creating a CC&E programme taken from this MVE guide.
This program evaluation aimed to analyze the impacts on Mexican consumers and the national economy from energy efficiency standards on residential refrigerators and window air conditioners that were aligned, or “harmonized” with U.S. standards in the early 2000s.
A new report developed in collaboration with the SEAD Initiative, the International Energy Agency (IEA) Implementing Agreement on Energy Efficient End-Use Equipment (4E) outlines the historic achievements of energy efficiency standards and labeling programs.
This paper uses LBNL (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)’s BUENAS (Bottom-Up Energy Analysis System) model to forecast demand reductions from energy efficiency in a major developing country – Indonesia. The resulting analysis finds that peak load may increase 3 times in Indonesia over the next 20 years in the business-as-usual case, primarily driven by space cooling with an important component from lighting and refrigerators. Applying BUENAS efficiency scenarios of cost-effective potential and best available technology indicates a potential peak load reduction of 13% and 37% in 2030, respectively.
This report focuses on financial incentive programs that aim to mitigate the energy consumption attributable to the growing stock of ACs. This report also describes how incentive programs can be designed to address other pressing concerns related to growing AC use, such as challenges to power supply reliability resulting from increased peak demand and the global warming potential (GWP) of AC refrigerants.